A desi-inspired digital development indicator for enterprises based on an SME digital readiness questionnaire





DESI, entropy-based objective weights, digital development, dimensions


In this paper, the authors present a firm-level digital development indicator inspired by the European Commission’s DigitalEconomy and Society Index (DESI). This index was developed using an entropy-based objective weighting method based on a representative survey of 2500 firms. The index comprises five principal dimensions with the aim to evaluate the digital applications used by companies, their access to digital tools and infrastructure and the related skills (devices and network access; ICT skills and knowledge; general/external applications; specific/internal applications; use of digital public services). In addition to presenting the main dimensions, subdimensions and their entropy-based weights, the authors also analyse the relationships between firm size and digital dimensions using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Their results show that the effect of firm size will be significant for ICT skills and knowledge, general external applications and specific internal applications.


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Author Biographies

Zoltán Bánhidi, Budapest University of Technology and Economics

assistant research fellow

Imre Dobos, Budapest University of Technology and Economics


András Nemeslaki, Budapest University of Technology and Economics



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How to Cite

Bánhidi, Z., Dobos, I., & Nemeslaki, A. (2023). A desi-inspired digital development indicator for enterprises based on an SME digital readiness questionnaire. Vezetéstudomány Budapest Management Review, 54(9), 4–15. https://doi.org/10.14267/VEZTUD.2023.09.01