Do you really miss out if you are missing out?

Students’ everyday and workplace FOMO phenomenon in relation to social media addiction at three Hungarian universities




FOMO, workplace FOMO, social media addiction, online platform


FOMO (Fear of Missing Out) refers to users’ fear of not being able to see online content and people’s interactions, react to them in a timely manner and not participating in live activities. FOMO can lead to anxiety, sleep disorders, lack of concentration and chronic dependence on social media. A „counter-trend” also seems to have emerged: Joy of Missing Out (JOMO) is a feeling that develops during vacations, trips to nature, eating and strong focus. This research examines the dynamics of the FOMO-JOMO phenomenon and how it develops, user attitudes, and its consequences. The results of the literature correlation study are illustrated by a correlation visualisation applying the Web of Science database. Multivariate analysis techniques were used to investigate the four hypotheses. Two FOMO factors were identified: the comparison to others (online) and the missing out experience (offline). Regarding workplace FOMO, two factors emerged: relationship exclusion and information exclusion.


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Author Biographies

Edit Kővári, University of Pannonia

associate professor

Dávid Hargitai, University of Pannonia

associate professor

Fanny Liska, University of Pannonia

assistant professor


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How to Cite

Kővári, E., Hargitai, D., & Liska, F. (2023). Do you really miss out if you are missing out? Students’ everyday and workplace FOMO phenomenon in relation to social media addiction at three Hungarian universities. Vezetéstudomány Budapest Management Review, 54(6), 17–31.