Új technológiai cégek az Ipar 4.0 küszöbén

A magyar digitális vállalkozási ökoszisztéma szakértői értékelése

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14267/VEZTUD.2020.06.08

Keywords:

new technology firms, digital entrepreneurial ecosystem, EIDES, digital index, digitalization, Industry 4.0, digital firm, case study

Abstract

Industry 4.0 refers to the fourth industrial revolution, to the revolutionary change triggered by the ever-tightening link between information technology and automation. All this has an impact on firms’ productivity, employment, and indirectly affects society. Digital technology offers the opportunity to create real digital businesses. The question is how well-prepared businesses are, and how they find their place and role in the new context. Large companies are not the only winners, because SMEs with their ability to respond flexibly to these challenges may also reach a competitive position. Of course, there are also losers for whom the catching up to this new digital era remains an unrealisable challenge. With this investigation, the authors reveal to what extent the new technology firms in Hungary are prepared for the new era that Industry 4.0 brings to them. Their expert opinion survey points out the most hindering bottlenecks in the Hungarian digital business ecosystem.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

László Szerb, University of Pécs

Full Professor

Éva Komlósi, University of Pécs

Research Fellow

Balázs Páger, HAS Centre for Economic and Regional Studies

Assistant Research Fellow

References

Acs, Z. J., Autio, E., & Szerb, L. (2014). National Systems of Entrepreneurship: Measurement Issues and Policy Implications. Research Policy, 43(3), 476-494. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2013.08.016

Acs, Z. J., Stam, E., Audretsch, D. B., & O’Connor, A. (2017). The lineages of the entrepreneurial ecosystem approach. Small Business Economics, 49(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-017-9864-8

Audretsch, D. (1995). Innovation and Industry Evolution. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Autio, E., Dahlander, L., & Frederiksen, L. (2013). Information Exposure, Opportunity Evaluation, and Entrepreneurial Action: an Investigation of an Online User Community. Academy of Management Journal, 56(5), 1348–1371. http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/amj.2010.0328

Autio, E., Nambisan, S., Thomas, L. D., & Wright, M. (2018b). Digital affordances, spatial affordances, and the genesis of entrepreneurial ecosystems. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal. 12(1), 72-95. https://doi.org/10.1002/sej.1266

Autio, E., Szerb, L., Komlósi, E., & Tiszberger, M. (2018a). The European Index of Digital Entrepreneurship Systems (No. JRC112439). Joint Research Centre (Seville site). https://doi.org/10.2760/39256;

Brown, R., & Mason, C. (2014). Inside the high-tech black box: a critique of technology entrepreneurship policy. Technovation, 34(12), 773-784. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2014.07.013

Chang, E. J., & West, M. (2006). Digital Ecosystems: A Next Generation of the Collaborative Environment. iiWAS. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Digital-Ecosystems-A-Next-Gene-ration-of-the-Chang-West/3d08bad6a7d379a-049639eb28440a42fdd5af704

Colombo, M. G, & Grilli, L. (2010). On growth drivers of high-tech start-ups: Exploring the role of founders' human capital and venture capital. Journal of Business Venturing, 25(6), 610-626. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2009.01.005

Demeter K., Losonci D., Nagy J., & Horváth B. (2019). Tapasztalatok az Ipar 4.0-val – egy esetalapú elemzés. Vezetéstudomány, 50(4), 11–23. https://doi.org/10.14267/VEZTUD.2019.04.02

Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) 2018 Country Report Hungary. http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/newsroom/image/document/2018-20/hu-desi_2018-country-profile_eng_B4406CA5-96ED-7301-4ADE21CA97CA133A_52227.pdf

Fülep I., Nick G., & Várgedő T (2018). Zászlón a digitalizáció - Ipar 4.0. Új Magyar Közigazgatás, 11(2), 45–55.

Halmosi P. (2019). A technológiaorientált start-up cégek lehetőségei és korlátai az Ipar 4.0 korszakában –kérdőíves felmérés alapján. Vezetéstudomány, 50(9), 40-48. https://doi.org/10.14267/VEZTUD.2019.09.05

Horváth D. (2019). Bank – FinTech együttműködés – avagy a megújulás kulcsa a pénzügyi szolgáltatások piacán? Vezetéstudomány, 50(3). p. 2-10. https://doi.org/10.14267/VEZTUD.2019.03.01

Horváth D., & Szabó Zs. R. (2019). Driving forces and barriers of Industry 4.0: Do multinational and small and medium-sized companies have equal opportunities? Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 146, 119-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2019.05.021

IMD World Digital Competitiveness Ranking 2018, https://www.imd.org/wcc/world-competitiveness-center-rankings/world-digital-competitiveness-rankings-2018/

Isenberg, D. J. (2010). How to start an entrepreneurial revolution. Harvard Business Review, 88(6), 40-50.

ITU (2017). Measuring the Information Society Report. Volume 1. International Telecomunication Union, Geneva.

Kagermann, H., Wahlster, W., & Helbring, J. (2013). Securing the Future of German Manufacturing Industry: Recommendations for Implementing the Strategic Initiative Industrie 4.0. Final report of the Industrie 4.0 Working Group, Forshungsunion im Stifterverband für dir Deutsche Wirtschaft e.V., Berlin

Kovács O. (2019). Big IFs in Productivity-Enhancing Industry 4.0. Social Sciences, 8(2), 37, https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8020037

Li, W., Badr, Y., & Biennier, F. (2012). Digital ecosystems: challenges and prospects. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Management of Emergent Digital EcoSystems (pp. 117-122). New York, NY: ACM. https://doi.org/10.1145/2457276.2457297

Losonci D., Takács O., & Demeter K. (2019). Az Ipar 4.0 hatásainak nyomában – a magyarországi járműipar elemzése. Közgazdasági Szemle, 66(2), 185-218. http://dx.doi.org/10.18414/KSZ.2019.2.185

Nagy J. (2019). Az Ipar 4.0 fogalma és kritikus kérdései – vállalati interjúk alapján. Vezetéstudomány, 50(1), 14-26. https://doi.org/10.14267/ VEZ TUD.2019.01.02

Nambisan, S. (2017). Digital entrepreneurship: Toward a digital technology perspective of entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 41(6), 1029-1055. https://doi.org/10.1111/etap.12254

Nambisan, S., Lyytinen, K., Majchrzak, A., & Song, M. (2017). Digital innovation management: Reinventing innovation management research in a digital world. MIS Quarterly, 41(1), 223-238. https://doi.org/10.25300/MISQ/2017/41:1.03

Nick G. (2018). Az Ipar 4.0 hazai adaptációjának kihívásai a vállalati és területi összefüggések tükrében (Doktori értekezés). Győr: SZIE. https://rgdi.sze.hu/images/RGDI/honlapelemei/fokozatszerzesi_anyagok/NG_Disszertacio.pdf

Ossewaarde, M. (2019). Digital transformation and the renewal of social theory: Unpacking the new fraudulent myths and misplaced metaphors. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 146, 24-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2019.05.007

Peña-López, I. (2016). World Development Report 2016: Digital dividends. Washington, DC: The World Bank. https://www.worldbank.org/en/publication/wdr2016

Porter, M. E., & Heppelmann, J. E. (2015). How smart, connected products are transforming companies. Harvard Business Review, 93(10), 97–114. https://hbr.org/2015/10/how-smart-connected-products-are-transforming-companies

Reynolds, P., Bosma, N., Autio, E., Hunt, S., De Bono, N., Servais, I., & Chin, N. (2005). Global Entrepreneurship Monitor: Data collection design and implementation 1998–2003. Small Business Economics, 24(3), 205-231. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-005-1980-1

Roundy, P. T., Brockman, B. K., & Bradshaw, M. (2017). The resilience of entrepreneurial ecosystems. Journal of Business Venturing Insights, 8(11), 99-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbvi.2017.08.002

Roundy, P. T., Bradshaw, M., & Brockman, B. K. (2018). The emergence of entrepreneurial ecosystems: A complex adaptive systems approach. Journal of Business Research, 86(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2018.01.032

Schröder, C., Schlepphorst, S., & Kay, R. (2015). Bedeutung der Digitalisierung im Mittelstand. IfM-Materialen, 244. Bonn: Institut für Mittelstandsforschung.

Schwab, K. (2016). The Fourth Industrial Revolution. Geneva: World Economic Forum.

Schwab, K. (2018). The Global Competitiveness Report 2018. Geneva: World Economic Forum.

Spigel, B. (2017). The relational organization of entrepreneurial ecosystems. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 41(1), 49-72. https://doi.org/10.1111/etap.12167

Stam, F. C., & Spigel, B. (2016). Entrepreneurial ecosystems. USE Discussion paper series, 16(13).

Sussan, F., & Acs, Z. J. (2017). The digital entrepreneurial ecosystem. Small Business Economics, 49(1), 55-73. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-017-9867-5

Szabó Zs. R., Horváth D., & Hortoványi L. (2019). Hálózati tanulás az Ipar 4.0 korában. Közgazdasági Szemle, 66(1), 72-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.18414/KSZ .2019.1.72

Szalavetz A. (2016). Az Ipar 4.0 technológiák gazdasági hatásai: egy induló kutatás kérdései. Külgazdaság, 60(7-8), 27-50.

Szalavetz A (2017). Ipar 4.0 technológiák és környezeti fenntarthatóság: magyar feldolgozóipari tapasztalatok. Külgazdaság, 61(7-8), 28-45.

Szalavetz A., & Somosi S. (2019). Ipar 4.0-technológiák és a magyarországi fejlődés-felzárkózás hajtóerőinek megváltozása – gazdaságpolitikai tanulságok. Külgazdaság, 63(3-4), 66-93.

Szerb L., & Ulbert J. (2009). The examination of the competitiveness in the Hungarian SME sector: A firm level analysis. Acta Polytechnica Hungarica, 6(3), 105-123.

Welter, F., & Gartner, W. B. (2016) (eds.). A research agenda for entrepreneurship and context. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Zaheer, H., Breyer, Y., & Dumay, J. (2019). Digital entrepreneurship: An interdisciplinary structured literature review and research agenda. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 148, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2019.119735

Downloads

Published

2020-06-05

How to Cite

Szerb, L., Komlósi, Éva, & Páger, B. (2020). Új technológiai cégek az Ipar 4.0 küszöbén: A magyar digitális vállalkozási ökoszisztéma szakértői értékelése. Vezetéstudomány / Budapest Management Review, 51(6), 81–96. https://doi.org/10.14267/VEZTUD.2020.06.08

Issue

Section

Articles