Social and Environmental Conflicts in the Peruvian Amazon


  • Jancsó Katalin University of Szeged



The Peruvian Amazon remained relatively undisturbed until the 1860s, with higher immigration and the extraction of raw materials only beginning in the second half of the century. As a result of the rubber boom (1880–1910), many ethnic groups became extinct. During the 20th century, the exploitation of mahogany, cedar, and other useful trees, the cultivation of various plants and also, in some regions, gold mining began. In the last decades of the 20th century, the extraction of oil and other raw materials as well as the construction of roads and infrastructure led to a significant reduction in forest areas. Further developments are planned for the upcoming years. Illegal gold mining, oil extraction and deforestation are expected to intensify, with increasing local social resistance, one of the most prominent examples being the bloody conflict between the Peruvian army and local ethnic groups in 2009 in the city of Bagua. A growing number of non-governmental organizations are protesting against the processes taking place in the region. The purpose of this study is to provide a background for the understanding of these processes and present the current situation.

Author Biography

Jancsó Katalin, University of Szeged

PhD in Modern History, Associate Professor at the Department of Hispanic Studies, University of Szeged. The focus of her research is the history and the social and economic situation of minorities (native people, women) and immigrants (Asians, Hungarians) in Latin America.




How to Cite

Katalin, J. (2020) “Social and Environmental Conflicts in the Peruvian Amazon”, Corvinus Journal of International Affairs, 5(2), pp. 26–38. doi: 10.14267/cojourn.2020v5n2a3.